Research Ideas  

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Welcome to IBD Partners Research Ideas Page!

In this area you will be able to:

  • Propose, vote on, and discuss research ideas
  • View current studies
  • View published research

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You are an active participant in  IBD Partners research prioritization process! Have you ever had a question about IBD that you wish science could answer? Tell us what research is important to you!

Here, you can submit a research idea to the community, cast your votes, and discuss research ideas proposed by other members. Please make your research question as specific as possible. Other members will vote on your research idea, and we will prioritize research ideas with the most votes.

You are allowed to vote for your own proposed research idea if you want. However, you can only vote for a total of five research ideas. If you have already cast your five votes and an idea you like even more is proposed, you can change your votes at any time to reflect your current preferences.

The research team will review all submitted ideas and provide a response to you and to the community. If your idea leads to an IBD Partners Study, you will have the opportunity to serve as a patient collaborator on the research team for that study.

We encourage you to prioritize the ideas that are most important to you, even if the research team determines that your idea is not a good fit for IBD Partners. We will share ideas labeled “Not a Good Fit” with researchers outside of our network when appropriate. We want to make sure all of your votes count!

Thanks for your participation in this important platform to help the IBD research community understand what research questions are important to patients. We are passionate about finding answers to your questions!

Published Studies

Year Publication Categories
2019
Diet Low in Red and Processed Meat Does Not Reduce Rate of Crohn’s Disease Flares

Summary

Diet may be an important factor in the development and progression of IBD. A previous study demonstrated that patients with ulcerative colitis were more likely to flare with increased consumption of red and processed meats. We sought to examine whether increased consumption of red and processed meats was associated with Crohn's disease (CD) flares. To do this, adults with CD were recruited from IBD Partners. Patients who were in remission were randomly assigned to groups that consumed a minimum of 2 servings/week of red or processed meat (118 patients) or not more than 1 serving per month (96 patients) for 49 weeks. The primar y outcome was relapse of CD, defined as increase in short Crohn's Disease Activity Index or a need for surgery or a need for new medication. During the trial, patients in the high-meat group reported compliance with eating 2 or more servings of red or processed meat during 98.5% of weeks compared to 18.8% of weeks for the low-meat group. In an analysis of data from the FACES trial, we found that among patients with CD in remission, amount of red and processed meat consumption was not associated with risk of flare.


Full Scientific Manuscript

Keywords
diet; red meat; processed meat; Crohn's disease; CD; Flares

Lifestyle, Health Maintenance
2019
Impact of Obesity on Disease Activity andPatient-Reported Outcomes Measurement InformationSystem (PROMIS) in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Summary

The rate of diagnoses has increased for both obesity and IBD, and some research suggests that obesity may play a part in the development of IBD. About 15-40% of patients with IBD are obese, which is defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher. However, there has been little research on how obesity might affect outcomes in patients with IBD. In this study of nearly 7300 patients with IBD, we found that about one in 5 patients with IBD were obese. Obese patients were more likely to have active symptoms related to IBD, as compared to patients with normal BMI. Over a period of 12-18 months, we obs erved that obese patients with active disease were significantly less likely to achieve remission. Similarly, among patients in remission at baseline, obese patients were 2-3 times more likely to relapse on follow-up, as compared to patients with normal BMI. Obese patients with IBD were more likely to have anxiety, depression, fatigue, and experience pain. They were also less satisfied with their ability to participate in social roles. These effects were seen in patients with both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Future studies to find out whether treating obesity may improve outcomes in patients with IBD are needed.


Full Scientific Manuscript

Keywords
Obesity, promis, disease activity

Lifestyle
2018
High Patient Activation Is Associated With Remission in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Summary

Research has shown that patients with chronic diseases have better health outcomes if they are knowledgeable, skilled and confident in managing their disease. In this study, researchers wanted to find out if this is true for patients with IBD. To evaluate this, they delivered a survey called the Patient Activation Measure to 1,486 patients with IBD. Based on this survey, patients are placed on one of four levels. The lowest level is Level 1, “disengaged and overwhelmed.” The highest level is Level 4, “maintaining behaviors and pushing further.” Follow-up data available for 1082 survey participants (73%) showed that patients with high activation (levels 3 or 4) were more likely than those with low activation (levels 1 or 2) to be in clinical remission 6-12 months after the initial survey assessment.


Full Scientific Manuscript

Keywords
patient activation; PAM; Patient Activation Measure; surgery; Crohn’s disease; CD; ulcerative colitis; UC; remission

Lifestyle, Health Maintenance
2018
Paternal Disease Activity Is Associated With Difficulty in Conception Among Men With Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Summary

IBD commonly affects men and women during their reproductive ages. Because of this, researchers are interested in knowing how the disease affects fertility and pregnancy. Much research on the impact of IBD on fertility and pregnancy has focused on women, but for this study, researchers focused on men. They wanted to know how men’s IBD and their use of IBD medication affect reproductive outcomes. The study results showed that men who received a diagnosis of IBD before trying to conceive were more likely to have difficulty conceiving than men who developed IBD after conceiving. However, these fi ndings were noted only in those with recently active disease within the past 6 months. Men with IBD who were in long-term remission were similar to the rates prior to development of IBD. Exposure to any of the medications for treating IBD was not associated with congenital anomalies, low birth weight or preterm births.


Full Scientific Manuscript

Keywords
paternal; disease activity; men; fertility; pregnancy

Lifestyle, Health Maintenance
2017
Obesity Is Associated with Worse Disease Activity in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: an Internet Based Cohort Study

Summary

More than 1/3 of adults in the US are obese and the rates of obesity are increasing. However, relatively little is known about the prevalence of obesity in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) or the impact of obesity on IBD disease activity. In this study, we reviewed patients in the CCFA Partners database to better understand these issues. We found that approximately 30% of IBD patients were overweight and an additional 20% were obese. Patients who were overweight or obese were less likely to have their IBD in remission at baseline. We also found that patients who were obese (but not overweight patients) were more likely to have a relapse of their IBD within 6-12 months compared to normal weight patients. In summary, obesity appears to be relatively common amongst patients with IBD and may be a risk factor for worsened disease.


Full Scientific Abstract

Keywords
comorbidity; obese; obesity; overweight; nutrition; patient reported outcomes

Study Updates, Lifestyle
2016
The impact of ostomy on quality of life and functional status of Crohn's disease patients within CCFA Partners

Summary

Patients with Crohn's disease, or CD, may require surgery during the course of their disease. This can result in the need to create a permanent or a temporary ostomy. Ostomy is the term used to describe the surgically created connection between the intestine and the abdominal wall. It allows for the evacuation of the fecal matter through the abdominal wall. The potential need for an ostomy is a major concern for many patients with inflammatory bowel disease as it may impact their daily function and quality of life. Within the CCFA Partners network, we evaluated the characteristics of CD patients who had an ostomy for at least 6 months. We also looked at how ostomy impacts their daily function and quality of life. A total of 4733 patients were included, of these, 402 reported an ostomy for at least 6 months. Patients with ostomy were more likely to be in clinical remission compared to those with no ostomy. Also, only half the patients with ostomy were receiving specific IBD therapies. Having an ostomy did not impact the quality of life or sexual function (interest and satisfaction) of CD patients. Additionally, there was no association between having an ostomy and anxiety, depression, or sleep disturbances. However, having an ostomy was associated with increased pain interference, fatigue and lower social satisfaction. It was also associated with higher rated of narcotic use. Appropriate counseling before and after surgery can help improving social satisfaction for patients with ostomy. Further studies are needed to determine the nature of pain and fatigue in this population.


Full Scientific Manuscript

Keywords
ostomy; quality of life; social health; Crohn's disease; crohn's; CD

Lifestyle, Mental Health
2016
Association Between Affective-Cognitive Symptoms of Depression and Exacerbation of Crohn's Disease

Summary

Depression is common among patients with Crohn’s disease (CD). In this study, we wanted to understand if CD patients in remission who reported symptoms of depression were more likely to experience worsened CD symptoms later in time. To answer this question we looked at responses to CCFA Partners survey questions submitted by more than 2,000 CD patients about negative mood (I felt depressed), negative beliefs about the self (I felt worthless, I felt hopeless), and decreased life engagement/negativity (I felt hopeless) during the past seven days. Twelve months later, we asked about the severity of their CD activity using a standard CD questionnaire about diarrhea, pain, and well-being. We found that symptoms of depression predicted CD activity a year later. In other words, CD patients who were depressed were more likely to have CD symptoms a year later than those who were not depressed.


Full Published Manuscript

Keywords
depression; comorbidity; Crohn’s disease; Crohn’s; CD

Lifestyle, Mental Health
2015
Exercise Decreases Risk of Future Active Disease in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Remission

Summary

Little is known about how exercise impacts disease activity in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study explored the relationship between exercise level and disease activity in a large group of patients with IBD in remission. A total of 1,857 patients from the CCFA Partners cohort participated by answering online questions about their exercise level and disease activity at the beginning of the study (in remission) and then again after six-months. We found that participants with Crohn’s disease who reported higher levels of exercise at the beginning of the study were significantly less likely to report active disease six-months later. We also found this association among participants with ulcerative colitis (UC) and indeterminate colitis (IC), but the results were not significant. Results of this study suggest that for patients with Crohn’s disease (and possibly for patients with UC and IC) who are in remission, higher levels of exercise may reduce the risk of developing active disease in the short-term.


Full Published Manuscript

Keywords
active disease; flare; prevention; risk

Exercise, Lifestyle, Alternative Therapies, Health Maintenance
2013
Sleep Disturbance and Risk of Active Disease in Patients With Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis

Summary

People with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), like Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, tend to have poor quality of sleep. In this study of over 3000 people with IBD, those with more disease activity, depression, female gender, a history of smoking, or those currently taking corticosteroids or narcotics were more likely to have sleep disturbance. Of people with Crohn's disease who were in remission at the beginning of the study, those with sleep disturbance were twice as likely to have a flare in 6 months. No effect was seen for ulcerative colitis. These results suggest that sleep is important for maintaining remission in IBD.


Full Published Manuscript

Keywords
active disease; sleep; flare; risk; prevention; Crohn’s Disease; Crohn's; CD; Ulcerative Colitis; UC; colitis

Lifestyle

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